What is an Accountable Care Organization?
Presentation on theme: “What is an Accountable Care Organization?”— Presentation transcript:
2 ACOs Defined Generally – ACOs are a group of providers who are held accountable for improving health care quality while lowering the rate of growth in health care spending Medicare Shared Savings Program ACO – a legal entity that is recognized and authorized under applicable State law…comprised of an eligible group of ACO participants that work together to manage and coordinate care for Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries…established a mechanism of shared governance that provides all ACO participants with an appropriate proportionate control over the ACOs decision-making process Not a completely new concept to Medicare.
3 Who is Eligible to Form a MSSP ACO?
Group practices Individual practices Hospital-physician partnerships or joint ventures Hospitals employing physicians Certain critical access hospitals
4 MSSP ACO Models One-sided model: Two-sided model: Regular FFS payment
Eligible for shared savings in years 1 & 2 Become at risk for losses in year 3 Only available for the first agreement period Two-sided model: Shared savings and losses in all 3 years
5 MSSP ACO Requirements Become accountable for the care delivered
Meet antitrust and other federal law requirements Commit to a 3-year agreement Formal legal structure Establish and maintain a shared governance structure Leadership and management structure Sufficient number of primary care providers to ensure that at least 5,000 beneficiaries will be assigned to the ACO Have in place processes that promote patient-centered care, evidence-based medicine, care coordination, and quality and cost measures
6 MSSP ACO Quality Measurement
65 measures grouped in 5 domains (weighted equally) Patient/caregiver experience of care (7 measures) Care coordination (16 measures) Patient safety (2 measures) Preventive health (9 measures) At-risk population/frail elderly health (31 measures) Must meet performance standards to share in savings Year 1 reporting only, future years minimum requirements
7 MSSP ACO Beneficiary Assignment
Assignment is for determining savings only Beneficiaries maintain freedom of choice of providers Retrospective assignment Based on where the beneficiary receives a plurality of primary care services
8 Any other ACOs out there?
Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation Medicaid waivers and state plan amendments Private Insurance
10 What are the potential problems?
History repeating itself Culture Infrastructure Complexity Consolidation Financial conflicts Patient involvement Achieving accountability
11 What beneficiary protections are we advocating?
Advance notice to beneficiaries, including explanation of provider financial incentives Beneficiary and community-based organization participation in ACO governance Robust patient-centeredness criteria Strong protections to prevent ACOs from avoiding and/or dumping high risk patients Beneficiary grievance and appeals process Strong quality and performance measurements that evolve over time Public reporting